Muna2014

Next MUNA conference:
February 20, 21 & 22, 2018
Issues

The question of combating malnutrition and improving the healthcare of children in conflict zones

Issue in GA 3: Environmental, Humanitarian and Health Issues

Conflicts have changed dramatically over the years. Whereas they first took place in places far from civilian life, they nowadays happen right under people’s noses in cities and villages. In developing countries, where children are already vulnerable and susceptible to malnutrition and disease, an onset of armed conflict in their living area can lead to an increase in death rates by up to 24 times as many. A conflict can cause a lack of food, clean water and medicine; an understandable consequence of this is malnutrition and illness.

The fact that malnutrition and healthcare are serious problems in conflict zones can be seen in the numbers as well. According to WHO, after declining for over 10 years, global hunger is on the rise again, affecting 38 million people more than it did last year. WHO names violent conflicts as one of the main reasons global hunger is rising.

The UN has adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to end hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030, as a top international policy priority. However, children are dying every day, and waiting until 2030 might cause more unnecessary deaths. It is up to GA3 to find a solution that can be applied faster, such as an awareness campaign, to speed up the fight against malnutrition and disease in conflict zones.


Useful links:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4921424/

https://www.unicef.org/sowc05/english/conflict.html

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/world-hunger-report/en/

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