Muna2014

Next MUNA conference:
February 20, 21 & 22, 2018
Issues

The question of developing international policies to deal with cybercrime

Issue in GA 1: Disarmament and International Security

Introduction:

Many societies around the world have access to the world of electronic networks and information systems such as the Internet. This information infrastructure is very complex with many flaws. Neither the private nor public sector networks are safe. In the past few years, a huge increase in cybercrime by individuals working together on an unprecedented scale has caused untold damage at a considerable cost to society. This cost can be expressed in many different ways. For example, cyber bullying has been known to cost multiple lives and online fraud has cost billions of dollars. It should be noted that offenders may also include governments who spy on their citizens as well as on other governments from other countries.

Definition:

Common types of cybercrime:

-          Attacks on computer systems

-          Online child sexual abuse material

-          Email spam and phishing

-          Cyber-bullying

-          Identity theft

-          Online scams or fraud

-          Prohibited offensive and illegal content

-          Online trading issues

The “cybercrime problem” is defined as follows:

-    A crime targeted at flaws in an information system/infrastructure such as  the Internet

Problem:

In developing national policies to deal with cybercrime, problems may arise as the aforesaid policies aimed at protecting citizens, may clash with their rights of privacy. Possible means of protection could include the observing of citizens and the deletion of harmful content, however, the benefit of these measures must be weighed against the detriments they have to an individual’s rights to privacy. Delegates are therefore encouraged to establish balanced policies which take both aspects into account.

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