Muna2014

Next MUNA conference:
February 6, 7 & 8, 2019
Issues

The question of combating sexual violence in conflict zones

Issue in GA 1: Disarmament and International Security

Sexual violence is a brutal form of physical and psychological warfare rooted in the gender inequality extant not only in zones of conflict, but in our everyday personal lives. The persistence of such forms of violence undermines peace and security and shatters community and family ties. The prevention of sexual violence must remain one of our highest priorities.’ – United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres

According to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) refers to rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced abortion, enforced sterilization, forced marriage, and any other form of sexual violence of comparable gravity perpetrated against women, men, girls or boys that is directly or indirectly linked to a conflict.

CRSV is often employed as a war tactic. It aims to destroy entire communities by tearing apart the social fabric. It results in physical and psychological traumas, which have a devastating effect that goes far beyond the immediate victim of physical violence. CRSV quite effectively hinders stabilisation efforts and post-conflict reconstruction, as it has such a destructive impact on both the victims and the communities. Extremist groups, such as Islamic State and Boko Haram, use CRSV to promise their fighters ‘wives’ and sex slaves. CRSV has increased the numbers of these extremist groups and has, as well, generated a lot of revenue for them, since these extremist groups sell women and girls at open markets or ask for ransom from traumatised communities.


Useful links

http://www.un.org/en/events/elimination-of-sexual-violence-in-conflict/pdf/1494280398.pdf

https://www.nato.int/docu/review/2017/Also-in-2017/combating-conflict-related-sexual-violence/EN/index.htm

https://www.un.org/press/en/2015/sc11862.doc.htm

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