Muna2014

Next MUNA conference:
February 6, 7 & 8, 2019
Issues

The question of managing the conflict around the status of Western Sahara as a non-self-governing territory

Issue in Security Council

Western Sahara is a territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) and partially Moroccan-occupied. Both parties claim the region and have their own reasons for doing so. Morocco believes Western Sahara to be a part of their territory before the European colonization and therefore feels entitled to it. The Polisario Front, on the other hand, is fighting for the rights of Sahrawi, who used to live there.

Morocco’s invasion in Western Sahara forced thousands of refugees into the Algerian desert. Many of them have been living in makeshift camps for over forty years. Because of the kilometres long sand wall, which the Moroccan government built across Western Sahara in the 1980s, the refugees cannot return to their homes. The wall is surrounded by landmines and about hundred thousand Moroccan soldiers.

Western Sahara has been the subject of a long-running territorial dispute. According to the EU Foreign Policy Chief, Federica Mogherini, “Western Sahara’s status remains that of a non-self-governing territory”.

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