Next MUNA conference:
February 6, 7 & 8, 2019

The question of preventing an arms race in outer space

Issue in GA 4: Special Political and Decolonization

The militarisation of space is the placement and development of weaponry and military technology in outer space. The United States of America and the Soviet Union used the early exploitation of space in the mid-twentieth century as a way of demonstrating new technologies which had the potential for military application, for example ballistic missile technology.

There have been several treaties about the exploitation of outer space, but the most important is the Outer Space Treaty. The treaty, which was reached in the General Assembly in 1966, can be summarised as follows: it initiated the banning of the placement of nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction in orbit of the Earth by signatories of the Treaty. It also prohibited the installation of them on the moon or any other celestial body, as well as prohibiting their stationing in outer space. The United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union signed the treaty and it entered into effect on 10 October, 1967. As of July 2017, 107 states have ratified the Treaty and an additional 23 have signed the Outer Space Treaty, but have not yet completed ratification.

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