Next MUNA conference:
February 6, 7 & 8, 2019

The question of protecting the Sundarbans in India and Bangladesh

Issue in GA 3: Environmental, Humanitarian and Health Issues

The Sundarbans is a vast forest, the largest mangrove forest in the world, which was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. In total, the Sundarbans covers around 10000 sq. km. Its flora and fauna are extensive including several endangered species. The Sundarbans provides sustainable livelihoods for millions of people and acts as a shelter to protect people from the sea.

However, the Sundarbans has been depleted alarmingly over the past few decades. Climate change and a rising sea level are serious threats to the forest. This leads to erosion of the forest. It is of great importance that the Sundarbans is protected to prevent further depletion and the extinction of endangered species.

15% of the Sundarbans mangroves are protected areas in West Bengal, in India, and in Bangladesh. Previous attempts to solve the issue came from organisations such as WWF or the Sundarbans Protection Team.

A possible action by the UN to help solve this issue could be to raise awareness for the protection of the Sundarbans amongst the people who live in the area and amongst those who damage this natural habitat. Farmers can be informed about how crops can be grown without damaging the Sundarbans. The UN could also invest in and support research in the area to find possibilities for protection.

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