Muna2014

Next MUNA conference:
February 6, 7 & 8, 2019
Issues

The question of protecting unaccompanied refugee and migrant children from exploitation and violence

Issue in GA 2: Human Rights

The current global refugee crisis has raised many issues, not least of which is how to ensure the wellbeing of migrant children displaced from their home nations. According to UNICEF, 50 million children are currently displaced from their homes and on the move. It is far from a rare occurrence to see migrant children arrive in foreign nations without families, and so it is our duty as the United Nations to see to the fact that they are being treated fairly and that their human rights are protected. While being a refugee is dangerous for anyone, women and especially children are very vulnerable to exploitation. As stated by Afshan Khan, UNICEF Regional Director and Special Coordinator for the Refugee and Migrant Crisis in Europe, “The stark reality is that it is now standard practice that children moving through the Mediterranean are abused, trafficked, beaten and discriminated against.” A report1 by UNICEF and the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) states that approximately 77% of children travelling along the Central Mediterranean route report have experienced abuse, exploitation, and practices which may amount to human trafficking. What makes the journey for children even more dangerous is the debt that they may accumulate during the journey. On average, children have to pay between $1000 and $5000 to get from their home country to Europe, exposing them to more peril. Your assignment as a delegate is to make sure that the proper legislations are put in place to ensure the wellbeing of these children, and to protect them from harm and exploitation as much as possible.


Useful links

1 https://www.unicef.org/publications/index_100621.html
http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-17-906_en.htm
https://www.unicef.org/emergencies/childrenonthemove/
https://www.unicef.org/media/media_100813.html
https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/abuse-exploitation-and-trafficking-stark-reality-migrant-children-trying-reach-europe-%E2%80%93-un-report

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F.A.Q.

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